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What are the advantages and disadvantages of an air-cooled condenser compared with a water-cooled one?

Update:28-09-2022
Summary:

Advantages: (1) It eliminates the need for a cooling wa […]

Advantages:
(1) It eliminates the need for a cooling water supply, which makes the whole unit easier to install and it causes lower costs.
(2) Less pollution and corrosion to the condenser from the air. Easy to clean and there is no limescale.
Disadvantages:
(1) The condensing capacity of air-cooled condensers is relatively small due to the poor thermal conductivity and low specific heat capacity of the air. In addition, air-cooled condensers are kind of bulky, which makes them not suitable for HVAC systems with large refrigeration capacities.
(2) The air temperature fluctuates greatly by the environment and the seasons, and the condensing temperature varies greatly in winter and summer. This is a disadvantage that directly affects the cooling capacity and efficiency.

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